Advanced fuels will reproduce all the physical-chemical properties of petroleum-derived diesel.
HVO (Hydrotreated Vegetable Oil) is the nomenclature of the so-called renewable diesel, or green diesel.
SPK (Synthetic Paraffinic Kerosene) is nomenclature for renewable kerosene for civil and military aviation.
Naphtha used in chemical industry to make green plastic, among other products.
"Reforestation oil" from Pongamia trees will be one of the raw materials used in the production of advanced biofuels. It is expected that in 10 years it will become responsible for 1/3 of the raw material used.
A report by MEO Carbon Solutions (part of the ISCC – International Sustainability Et Carbon Certification) indicated that Pongamia oil is significantly lower in carbon intensity than other raw materials.